voices to voices, lip to lip E.E. Cummings

voices to voices, lip to lip

E.E. Cummings

voices to voices, lip to lip
i swear (to noone everyone) constitutes
undying; or whatever this and that petal confutes . . .
to exist being a peculiar form of sleep

what’s beyond logic happens beneath will;
nor can these moments be translated: i say
that even after April
by God there is no excuse for May

– bring forth your flowers and machinery: sculpture and prose
flowers guess and miss
machinery is the more accurate, yes
it delivers the goods, Heaven knows

(yet are we mindful, though not as yet awake,
of ourselves which shout and cling, being
for a little while and which easily break
in spite of the best overseeing)

i mean that the blond absence of any program
except last and always and first to live
makes unimportant what i and you believe;
not for philosophy does this rose give a damn . . .

bring on your fireworks, which are a mixed
splendor of piston and pistil; very well
provided an instant may be fixed
so that it will not rub, like any other pastel.

(While you and i have lips and voices which
are for kissing and to sing with
who cares if some oneeyed son of a bitch
invents an instrument to measure Spring with?

each dream nascitur, is not made . . .)
why then to Hell with that: the other; this,
since the thing perhaps is
to eat flowers and not to be afraid.

This poem came to my attention a few years ago when my aunt showed me the line “to eat flowers and not to be afraid.” This line stuck out to me as she explained to me why she liked it so much. I have always enjoyed reading this poem. I think the sound flows so eloquently and the language is very understandable and easy to interpret as a reader. Although Cummings is known to be one of the first poets to change the structure and line breaks of his poems I do not notice a specific, premeditated structure in this particular piece. After doing a close reading of this poem there are many different aspects of sound as well as connotative and detonative meanings.

One of the first, most obvious observations I had was the rhyming. I noticed that in many stanza’s every other line, the last word rhymed with the one before the previous. For example;

“what’s beyond logic happens beneath will;
nor can these moments be translated: i say
that even after April
by God there is no excuse for May”

Cummings uses abstract language throughout this poem. There are many soft consonant sounds in various stanzas. For example;

– bring forth your flowers and machinery: sculpture and prose
flowers guess and miss
machinery is the more accurate, yes
it delivers the goods, Heaven knows

He uses repetition of consonants throughout this poem. The repeating “f” sound is very pleasant to read, as well as the repeating “p” sound in “piston and pistil”. The words “forth” and “flowers” seem to work seamlessly with each other. In terms of connotative and denotative language the word machinery at the end of this line is a great example. The word “machinery” is very much unexpected and puts an unexpected image into my head. When I read that line I picture flowers, specifically white daisy, and “machinery” seems to strip that image down to a raw, cold, and black thought. Machinery is very structured, and controlled however when I think of a flower they seem very carefree and alive. This seems like it is almost a contradiction which is a great way to play with imagery and give depth to the poem. There are many instances where Cummings plays with the imagery similar to this. When you continue on through the stanza Cummings explains that flowers are not accurate and machinery is. This is yet another place in this poem where Cummings creates a vision of cold and controlled machinery.

I honestly find this poem very difficult to analyze. There are so many places this takes your mind. As I read it over and over again I makes me visualize many different things. I am trying to figure out if this is Cumming’s way of ranting or if he is simply making a statement. He uses very simple words however he uses them in abstract ways that challenges the reader. However the challenge also creates something exciting for the reader. My favorite line is “eat flowers.” The thought of eating something so beautiful creates a carefree and loving tone to the end of the poem.


Final Script/Sources/Video


Start of package:

Caffeine has always been the go-to energy booster for college students. At WSU it is finals week and students are drinking more coffee than ever. Many times, dangerous amounts.

Loren Hagstrom: “Ya people are getting like quad ventes instead of triples, you know getting the extra caffeine.”

Chris Jumbo: “I usually kind of get them as talls but this is like my sixth one, so a lot.”

Coffee shops all around Pullman have been packed with college students looking for that quick boost caffeine will give them.

Loren Hagstrom: “Ya I consume like three more times than I usually do.”

Caffeine will continue to be a go-to for study drink, however remembering to moderate the amount of caffeine you drink is key to healthy caffeine use

End of package.


Taylen Whitehead


Daily Grind Employee

Loren Hagstrom


Starbucks Intern

Kelly Grindley


Student in library

Chris Jumbo


Student in Starbucks

Final Story

Your Friend Caffeine Has Been Stabbing You Behind Your Back When It Comes to Studying

By, Olivia Levis

This time of the year at Washington State University is full of great anticipation and excitement for the summer. The school year has been dragging on and the freedom that the summer holds feels so close for students. But there is one thing standing in the way, finals. Finals are a time of the year that all college students dread. Long hours of studying and getting minimal amounts of sleep can result in students looking for other alternatives to get energy and focus. One of the most common ways students stay energized and focused is by drinking caffeine, the most commonly used drug in the United States.

On college campuses caffeine is present almost everywhere a student goes. There are numerous coffee shops which are very popular places to study, as well as energy drinks, such as 5-hour Energy drinks readily available in multiple places for inexpensive prices. These coffee shops become extremely busy during finals. Students rely on caffeine to get through their day and stay awake through the long hours of classes and homework. It is inevitable that the more homework and studying students need to do, the higher amounts of caffeine are going to be consumed. Starbucks intern Loren E. Hagstrom said “It is crazy how many people come to Starbucks and buy multiple drinks, it definitely increases during finals week.”

Caffeine occurs naturally in many plants and foods. If it is taken in moderation caffeine can be a positive thing for one’s health. For example, it increases blood flow in the brain which can cure migraines, and is proven to reduce the risks of diabetes, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s. College students however, do not always consume a healthy amount of alcohol. Experts suggest that adults should limit their caffeine intake to 400 mg every day, and adolescents should limit their caffeine intake to 100 mg every day.

Caffeine is a stimulant and by drinking large amounts of caffeine can result in anxiety, jitters, headaches, and dizziness. Caffeine also remains in one’s system for a long period of time, as long as six hours. Because of caffeine’s long half life it affects sleep. The caffeine stays in your system and prevents REM sleep which is vital for a healthy night of rest. These are all affects a student does not want to experience while studying for finals. Many students do not know these serious affects of caffeine on their body. Caffeine, instead of helping a student study actually in face puts more stress on the student’s body and mind. People who do not drink coffee and a regular basis and decide to drink coffee for study purposes put large amounts of stress on their heart which can lead to permanent damage if the sporadic consumption of caffeine continues. “I’ve had about six cups of coffee today and will probably have more,” Kelly Grindley, a student studying in the library said “I drink a lot of coffee during finals, more than I want to.”

Many do not realize that caffeine is a drug, and that it is addicting. Many students are addicted to caffeine and when they stop consuming caffeine can suffer from withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms include headache, depression, anxiety, and irritability. “If I do not drink coffee I get bad headaches and crave it,” Hagstrom said. This is very common with college students. Chris Jumbo, a student studying at Starbucks coffee shop on Stadium Way said “finals week makes me addicted to caffeine, it’s the only way I get through it.”

Overall, drinking large amounts of caffeine can be very harmful to one’s health and put large amounts of stress on a student’s mind and body. Instead of completely eradicating caffeine from a student’s study habit, using it in moderation would be a smarter choice. It can be effective for studying, if used in moderate, healthy amounts.

Story 5

Sexual Assault on Campus

By, Olivia Levis

The unspoken prevalence of sexual assault has become an immense topic in university safety around the nation. This month is sexual assault awareness month and universities are coming together to prevent the increasing issue of sexual assault on campus. Sexual assault occurs more frequently than one may think. According to Al Jazeera America, 20 to 25 percent of college women experience rape or attempted rape. The issue of sexual assault has become increasingly prevalent throughout the nations’ universities including Washington State University. According to The Daily Evergreen 30 cases of sexual assault have been reported since January 2013 at WSU and, according to Al Jazeera fewer than one in 20 completed and attempted rapes against college women are reported. Many students who have been sexually assaulted do not report the assault in fear of embarrassment. Many victims who have been assaulted do not report the crime because the attacker was someone they knew and they do not want to get them into trouble. According to The 2005 report “Sexual Assault on Campus: What Colleges and Universities Are Doing About It” 80 to 90 percent of the victims were acquaintances with the attacker. Alcohol intoxication has been a large factor in the increase of sexual assault. Alcohol consumption occurs on campuses nationally. Kendra Van Den Top member of WSU Red Watch Band said “97,000 sexual assaults occur a year that are related to alcohol.” According to a 2004 report in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol 72 percent of college rape victims were so intoxicated they could not consent to sex.

The university has become well aware of this issue and is taking action to try and prevent any further increase. Washington State University has taking action in educating students on not only what to do if the student is being sexually assault but what to do if you are a bystander in the situation. Megan Cole a student at WSU said “I think that it is really great that WSU is requiring all incoming freshman to take classes about sexual assault, that way they are all informed and know how to avoid and prevent the situation.” Alternatives to Violence in the Palouse and Green Dot are two programs that actively educate students about what to do when they are in a situation where they are being assaulted as well as what to do as a bystander and prevent the situation. Loren Hagstrom an advocate for the Green Dot program said “the bystanders are the ones who can stop it from happening because usually the victim has no control over the situation.” Washington State University is not the only school that is taking action and educating their students about sexual assault. Kent State University, Lake Forest College, Virginia Western Community College, and Kansas State University are other universities that are known for taking action to prevent sexual assault. It is very important for universities to continue to educate students on sexual assault and prevention of sexual assault. By continuing the increasing the creation of educational programs will help decrease the issue.



Kendra Van Den Top


Loren Hagstrom


Megan Cole


Story 4


Headline: A Student Tutor Helping High Risk Students Succeed to Higher Levels of Education

Lead: It is a Tuesday as 3 football players file into a small room.

  • write about what it is like in the room when the players come in
  • add visually appealing writing


  • explain the program and what it entails
  • add the meaning of SOMA


  • what tanna does
  • quotes
  • explain the relationship between football players and tanna
  • explain the player’s situation and why they need tutoring


  • explain what tanna has learned
  • quote
  • how it has benefit her


  • end with something exciting
  • how she will miss them?


A Student Tutor Helping High Risk Students Succeed to Higher Levels of Education

By, Olivia Levis

*players names could not be included

It is a Tuesday as three football players file into a small room. They sit down at a table and take out their text books and their assignments for the week. Tanna K. Tingstad is the one thing getting them through the semester academically. They joke around and bounce ideas off each other as Tanna helps them read their text book and finish assignments.

Tanna is a tutor in the SOMA program for high risk students at Washington State University. SOMA is a Swahili word meaning “read! learn!” This program is funded through the Student-Athlete Opportunity Fund and gives student athletes with low reading and writing skills an opportunity to receive help with their academics.

Tanna tutors 4 football players all whose first language is not English, which makes it very difficult for them to succeed in literature and writing. They are from Samoa and natively speak Samoan. Two of them are freshman and the other two are sophomores. They come in twice a week for an hour. In this hour Tanna goes over current and future assignments and makes sure they meet deadlines as well as helps them with anything they need academically.

Tanna is in the education program at WSU and is studying to become an elementary teacher. Her love for teaching is what made this job so appealing to her. Kendra Van Den Top, Tanna’s roommate said “Tanna is meant to be a teacher, I couldn’t think of a better career path for her.” Tanna said “it’s (tutoring) what solidified what I want to do with the rest of my life and how much I want to make a difference.” Tanna explained how happy it makes her when she is brought a paper from a student that she helped tutor with an A grade on it. “I’ve really seen them grow academically,” Tanna said, “it’s a really exciting feeling.” Tanna explained at first it was really hard to make a connection with them. She said that they would be very short with her, but after a few weeks they began to open up to her. Now they joke around and tell her about living in Samoa, and how to say words in Samoan, for example the word “malo” which means “good job.” She said their biggest complaint is the cold weather, but they are enjoying their time here.

This has not only benefited the students Tanna tutors but herself as well. She has to work with students that not only struggle with reading and writing English, but who are exhausted from practice and training from football. She explained how exhausted the players are when they come in and how school is the last thing on their mind. She has to come up with exciting ways to teach the material to keep them involved. Tanna said “I have a lot more respect for student athletes, their schedules are so hectic, I don’t know how they balance everything.”

Tanna will not be here next year to tutor athletes and is sad to move on but excited for her future. “I feel a really great connection with them,” Tanna said “I’m really going to miss them next year.”


Gail Gleason


Tanna Tingstad


Kendra Van Den Top


Comma Splice Exercise

Comma splice? Yes or no. If it is a comma splice, fix the sentence.


1. “We just buy and sell real estate. It is what we do but the market doesn’t dictate the price,” she said. 


2. In 2007, the average income in Washington was $55,628. The average income for Whitman County was $36,438.


3. He entered the three-mile race yesterday morning. However he does not have any shoes.


4. “Take a little out of athletics, take a little from the library, and save the rest of the money,” Jones said. yes


5. Dan is using an emerging farm trend. He purchased a no-till tractor two years ago.


Punctuate and correct the following sentences.


6. Smith drove the car with the dented door down to the Sea of Cortez.


7. He left Pullman, Wash., late Friday night, which worried his father.


8. I am teaching the class this morning and you are messaging people on Facebook.


9. Being a member of a club that has more than 1,000 members, can be overwhelming.

10. Hoping to leave early for Thanksgiving, but Mary’s car broke down on State Street. yes